Friday, May 27, 2016

50 Difference between Female Circumcision and Female Genital Mutilation (FGM)

50 Difference between Female Circumcision and Female Genital Mutilation (FGM)


There are many people who use the terms Female Circumcision and Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) interchangeably, but the fact is that these two  terms are not synonymous or same. 

The Female Circumcision and the Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) are to separate things.
Female Circumcision is effective vaccine for girls and women against many diseases like the HIV and AIDS. It protects the woman from these microbes and their attacks by allowing the completion of the development of the clitoris in the body of a girl or women which makes the microbes die a natural death outside the girl or woman's body and the virions of viruses like HIV to fall off the woman's body without infecting it. 

If you are a female and if you have not undergone circumcision just check your clitoris. What do you find? The clitoris is a muscle and it does not have a skin. That is because your clitoris is underdeveloped and it is the hood of the clitoris that keeps it underdeveloped. Now just imagine you scrape the skin off from one of your fingers to the muscle. After the scraping pain is over, whenever you touch that exposed muscle, how much pain do you bear? That is how much pain every girl has been bearing all through their lives and since they are born with it they kind of get used to the pain. 

But after circumcision when there is a normal skin over the clitoris this pain will end. There will be no pain ever but remember the skin maintains all the sensitivity of the clitoris, just like the skin on your hand you can sense everything but there is no pain, that arises when muscle is exposed.

This exposed muscle is also a gateway for entry of microbes and virions of virus and fungus into the body. The development of the skin eliminates this gateway. The protection that a girl or a woman gets from Female circumcision can eradicate virus like HIV from the world. Circumcision means in Latin 'to cut around'. Female circumcision means to cut around the clitoris to remove the hood of the  clitoris.
50 Difference between Female Circumcision and Female Genital Mutilation (FGM). EradicateHIV. Eradicate HIV
50 Difference between Female Circumcision and Female Genital Mutilation (FGM). EradicateHIV. Eradicate HIV


Female Genital mutilation (FGM) is a way of mutilating the genital parts of the girl or woman for curbing her sexual behavior. It is cultural and tribal model that is build on superstitions. The Female Genital mutilation (FGM) uses the traditional route, this is one of the forces that tribal people use to get Female Genital mutilation (FGM) performed. 

The tribal people which use this process by allowing fear and pain to co exist in order to perform Female Genital mutilation (FGM), use the tribals to continue Female Genital mutilation (FGM). The tribal mutilators also utilizes life events, such as marriage or female gratification, to accredit girl or woman's access to the tribal communities that are linked to each other via the elders in the community. Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) also includes mutilating the clitoris, vagina, urinary tract and other genital parts of the girl or woman.


Sr. No.Female Circumcision Female Gential Mutilation
1 Female Circumcision involves removal of the hood of the clitoris in woman.  Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) involves the cutting or stitching of the genital parts of the woman
2 Female Circumcision is a scar less process. Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) leaves a number of scars on the woman’s genitalia depending on the severity of mutilation
3 Female Circumcision is simple process and completed in under one minute. The duration of Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) depends on the severity of  the organs being cut from 15 minutes to 1 hour.
4 Female Circumcision the woman can walk out after the process immediately.  In Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) the girl or woman is bandaged thoroughly and she has to be in bed for at least a week or two weeks before she can get out of bed.
5 Female circumcision there is no pain in the parts  where the  process takes place In  Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) the woman has to suffer severe pain in the organs that are cut or stitched together.
6 Female circumcision has no effect on the  sexual behavior of the woman  or her partner Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is done to enhance the sexual pleasure of the male partner while inflicting pain in the woman counterpart.
7 Female circumcision is a legal part of hoodectomy and labiaplasty both the used as plastic surgery for beautification of women’s genital area. Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is banned all over the world.
8 Female circumcision includes a simple, natural procedure that is done for medical purposes. Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) includes procedures that intentionally change or cause harm to the Female genital organs for non-medical reasons
9 Female Circumcision has many medical benefits for girls and woman. Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) has no health benefits for girls and woman
10 Female Circumcision does not cause any bleeding or very minor bleeding during surgical process.  Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) causes servere bleeding during surgical process
11Female Circumcision does not touch the urinary tract. Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) may involve injury to the urinary area cause problems in urinating.
12In Female Circumcision no cysts are formed. In Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) cysts may formed depending on the severity of mutilation being done.
13 Female Circumcision does not interfere with the reproductive system. In Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) due to injuries suffered by the genital parts and / or stitching of the genital parts there may be complications in childbirth.
14Female Circumcision ensures that the sperms remain uninfected by microbes and also protects the child. In Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) due to alteration in genital parts it may affect the proper growth of the newborn and may lead to its death.
15Female circumcision is done with a phimosis clamp or a similar device and not with a blade. Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is usually done in a unorthodox manner using cutting blades, knife etc.
16 Female circumcision is usually done in females above the age of 7 to any age Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is carried out at anytime between infancy to 15 years of age.
17 Female circumcision empowers the right of a girl or woman for protection against diseases. Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) violates of human rights of girls and women.
18 Female circumcision comprises of removal of the hood of the clitoris to enable the complete development of the clitoris. In the presence of the hood the clitoris remains like a exposed muscle with no skin on it. But after circumcision it develops and a normal skin grows on it. TFemale Genital Mutilation (FGM) comprises of all procedures involving partial or total removal of female genitalia or injury to female genital organs or stitching up of genital organs for non medical reasons.
19 The process is carried out in hospitals and clinics and by professionally trained nurses. Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is carried out by unqualified quacks.
20 Female circumcision gives the female equal rights as the male counterpart for protection from diseases like HIV. Just as in the male the head of the penis remains underdeveloped in the absence of circumcision so does the clitioris in females remain underdeveloped. Table CellFemale Genital Mutilation (FGM) causes great discrimination against woman by robbing her the satisfaction of sexual act.
21Female Circumcision is recognized internationally a part of Female Genital Cosmetic Surgery (FGCS) Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) has international recognition as a violator of human rights of girls and women.
22 Female Circumcision has a number of health benefits like cure from sexual dysfunction because the muscle without a skin becomes very sensitive and painful but after the skin is formed the pain disappers only sensitivity remains, which is great for intimacy. Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) has no benefits at all, health-wise or otherwise, it only causes harm to the girl or woman. 
23 Female Circumcision only involves removal of Hood of the clitoris a part of tissue that keeps the clitoris underdeveloped not allowing the formation of a skin and making it a gateway for virions of viruses like HIV. Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) involves in removing and damaging healthy and normal genital tissue which are useful for the proper functioning of the genital system.
24 Female Circumcision does not interfere with the natural functioning of the girl's or woman's body. Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) interferes greatly with the natural functioning of the girl's or woman's body.
25After Female circumcision there is no lingering pain in the area at any time throughout the life. Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) cause severe lingering pain after the procedure and would be present through out the life of the girl or woman.
26 After female circumcision there is never any type of bleeding that takes place in that area. In Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) the bleeding may continue when the part is hurt by abrasion of cloths or foreign objects even during intimacy in the future.
27 In female circumcision there is no swelling in the area that is circumcised. In Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) the whole genital area becomes swollen as there is swelling in the genital tissue.
28After Female Circumcision the girl or woman does not suffer from from fever. Depending on the severity of the mutilation the girl or woman may suffer from fever or other reactions due to the infections in the mutilated tissues.
29 After Female Circumcision the girl or woman does not suffer from any kind of infections. In Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) due to the nature of the injuries may cause the woman or girl to suffer from different types of infections.
30 In Female Circumcision the Urinary area remains untouched. In Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) due to injury in and around the urinary area can cause many urinary problems.
31In female circumcision the wound takes 2 to 3 days to heal completely. In Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) the wound may take many weeks to heal depending upon the severity of the mutilation.
32 In Female circumcision there is no injury to the surrounding tissue of the clitoris In Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) due to the premature nature of performing the procedure there can be severe injuries to the surrounding tissue and other organs.
33 Female circumcision is a almost painless surgical procedure and does not cause any shock or anguish in the mind of the girl or woman. Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) causes severe pain and cause great pain creating a feeling of shock and anguish in the mind of the girl or woman.
34Female circumcision does not lead to the death of any girl or woman. In Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) if any major any veins or arteries that is wrongly cut, severe bleeding can occur and uncontroled could lead to death of  the girl or woman.
35 Female Circumcision removes only the hood of the clitoris and the urinary tract remains untouched in  this procedure. In Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) the urinary tract can be damaged depending on the severity of the mutilation done and this could lead to urinary tract infections.
36In Female circumcision the vaginal part is not touched. In Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) the girl or woman may suffer from vaginal problems depending on the severity of the mutilation done.
37 Female circumcision, by helping the completion of the development of the clitioris and further removal of the hood is a natural vaccine against anaerobic microbes and virions of viruses like HIV because it eliminates the anaerobic environment and the entry point of the virions of HIV In Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is useless and painful procedure to inflict different infections on the genitalia of girls and women.
38 After Female Circumcision the girl or woman faces no sexual problems. After Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) the girl or woman may suffer from many sexual problems like pain during intercourse etc.
39 After Female circumcision there is no need for any kind of further surgeries. After Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) the girl or woman may require further surgical procedure to allow sexual intercourse, for child birth etc.
40 After female circumcision the girl or woman does not suffer from any psychological problems. After Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) the girl or child may suffer from depression, low self esteem, post traumatic stress disorder.
41 Female Circumcision is carried out for its medical benefits of allowing the completion of the development of the clitoris and also the elimination of the anaerobic environment created by the hood. Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is carried out for its social and communal benefits.
42 Female Circumcision is considered necessary for the complete development of the clitoris ie. for the formation of the skin of the clitoris so as to protect the girl or woman from various diseases creating microbes and virions from entering into the body through this undeveloped part of the body. Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is considered a necessary part raising a girl and to prepare for adulthood and marriage.
43Female Circumcision does not alter sexual behavior because the formation of the skin on the raw muscle stops the pain during sexual activity completely while the newly formed skin retains the sensitivity. Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is done to  decrease woman's ability to appreciate good sexual act.
44 The vaginal opening is not touched in Female circumcision. Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) stops a girl from extramarital affairs by narrowing of the vaginal opening to discourage girl or woman from extramarital intercourse due to the fear and pain of opening the same.
45Female circumcision decreases the risk of infection from various genital diseases like HIV  and AIDS because the clitoris becomes completely developed just like any other part of the body and the hood does not trap the anerobic bacteria or virions or fungus. Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is done to increase the marriageability of the girl or woman.
46 Female circumcision is also done currently as for cure of sexual dysfunction and protection  from Diseases like HIV and AIDS just because the development of the clitoris gives it more sensitivity and less pain while the elimination of the hood destroys the anaerobic environment. Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is done for cultural purposes for femininity and modesty and removal of unfeminine parts of the woman or girl.
47 Most of the religions has accepted the practice of Female circumcision for its medical benefits. Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is not accepted in any religion and it is just a cultural ritual practice in the tribes of South Africa.
48 All countries accept Female Circumcision for its medical benefits. No countries in the world accept Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) and has it has be banned all over the world.
49 The benefits of Female Circumcision should be made known to everybody especially health professionals so that they can explain the same to the common people. The harmful nature of Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) should also be made known to all and the health professionals should explain its harm to the common people.
50 Knowledge should be generated about the benefits and advantages of Female circumcision and how to implement it. Knowledge should be generated about the disadvantages and harmful effects of Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) and how to eliminate it.


Female Circumcision is the only way to protect the girl and the woman from genital diseases like HIV. Female Circumcision, not Female Genital mutilation (FGM), is also used for cure from sexual dysfunction, improve intimate relationship with partner, protection of infant in the womb and for keeping the family healthy. 

So it can be fairly said that Female Circumcision involves the removal of the entire hood of the clitoris, if the surrounding area or any other portion of the clitoris or genital part of the girl or woman is injured or cut then it would be called Female Genital Mutilation (FGM). The both should not be confused with each other.

Y. Ali
PGSPL

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