Saturday, May 7, 2016

How to Eradicate HIV and AIDS?

Eradicate HIV, Graphic representation of HIV virus
Eradicate HIV, Graphic representation of HIV virus

How to Eradicate HIV and AIDS?

INTRODUCTION – HIV and AIDS and Why to Eradicate HIV and AIDS?

The EradicateHIV research done on Control and Eradication of HIV and AIDS has given conclusive results with the confirmed identification of the cause of HIV infection through intimacy. This highlights the effectiveness of a natural and inexpensive process for protection from the HIV virus. This research has the potential to eradicate the HIV virus and the resulting AIDS diseases. This EradicateHIV research would be useful for men and women to protect themselves from the infection of the HIV virus and prevent its transmission.

All those persons who want to protect themselves from HIV and AIDS can benefit from this research. Those who are exposed to HIV positive patients or are living with or sharing places with a person or persons suffering HIV or AIDS can also take benefit from this EradicateHIV research. This research can can save them lot of pain, suffering and even save their lives.
Eradicate HIV. HIV prevalence.
Eradicate HIV. HIV prevalence.
Last year, according to The World Health Organization (WHO) 2.2 billion people all over the world used this process to protect themselves from HIV and AIDS. This also meant an end to prescription drugs, creams and other treatments for HIV and AIDS .

EradicateHIV research has observed that over the last few decades there was a great protests, organized against this process. And many people were mentally forced to discontinue the use this process for their next generation as it was said to have no scientific benefits. 

During this same period time, countries all over the world have been continuously reporting increase in the cases of HIV infections and AIDS diseases. This is a clear indication that this process was not only offering effective protection from the HIV but also had pinched its transmission.

EradicateHIV research suggest that people should be educated in the right direction. This year more people should use this process to stop the prevalence of HIV and the resulting AIDS diseases. This process had been successfully used in almost all the 195 countries of the world at varying levels. It has effectively protected people from the attacks of HIV virus, eliminating the need for drugs and other medication for cure from it.

This process is very easy to perform, at the same time very effective. It is also completely natural and also inexpensive. Had it not required a skilled person to perform it might as well be considered as free. This process is backed by 0.04 million scientific studies from all over the world. There are more than 0.1 million books written on this process. 

The process is verified by many medical organization worldwide. Many renowned doctors all over the world use this process as treatment for many diseases and medical conditions. While researchers from all across the globe had made great efforts in the research of this subject for a long period of time.

EradicateHIV research had been into research of this process since 2007, the formation of company, even before that on personal basis. During this period EradicateHIV research was exposed to many false assumptions and even many made up medical interpretations. EradicateHIV  research was also able to uncover the truth regarding stubbornness of HIV, ineffectiveness of prescription drugs and loophole in other treatments. It was a rigorous quest to bring out the truth about HIV and AIDS in front of the whole world.

The process that was researched on is completely natural and it attacked the root cause of the HIV infection. This method of protection has been proven 100% effective, yet it is not used commonly by doctors. All the doctors around the world are aware of this process. This process has the potential to give radical shift in a person’s health and instantly improve the quality of his / her life.

In fact one can completely prevent HIV virus from entering his / her system without any doubt. No matter if he / she has been exposed to HIV for a long time. This process not only protects people from HIV but also stops the transmission of HIV from one person to another.

It is a scientific fact and this process begins the protection from HIV right at from its source of infection, where the virions of HIV enter the body. The results are observable and it can be felt in the body of the person adopting this process. This process gives real time results without the need for any kind of medication. 

The 2.2 billion people who have adopted this process live normal lives, without worrying about HIV or AIDS. They remain protected from HIV and AIDS, despite of their eating habits, lifestyle, stress or body cycle. They just live a normal life, without any drugs, horrible complications, stressful doctor’s visits or at times fear of early death.

They can eat normally. Interact with people and family in a normal manner. They are not in a constant stressed up condition like those people seeking protection from HIV and AIDS.

Every doctor, medical professional, every website, television host, a person’s friends, relatives, today is searching for ways to protect themselves from HIV and AIDS. For after getting infected, drugs, creams and other medication are something that one has to live with for their whole life. 

On the other hand the only ways available for protection from HIV it is to take the drugs, apply the cream and follow whatever medical procedure is required. All these methods offer no guarantee that it will protect the person from HIV.

But there would be no  mention of a natural technique, almost free, that can completely protect every person from HIV and AIDS. If a person is already infected and suffering from HIV or AIDS this process can still break the cycle of infection and reduce its intensity. At the same time this process can also prevent many other diseases infecting his already weakened immune system.

The doctor or the medical industry is reluctant to confirm this fact. It is related to the working of the human body and its defense system. It proves that 100% protection from HIV virus and AIDS diseases are possible. And it had been possible for more than 3000 years. 

This process has more than 0.04 million scientific studies behind it, but none of them was covered in any major newspaper. It is also not taught at medical schools.  

If this process had not been discontinued in the 1900's after World war II due to financial conditions and cash crunch, HIV virus would not have infected mankind in the first place. This approach to prevent HIV is not like modern medical treatments that use drugs and creams to simply treat after effects of the HIV infection. The modern system keeps one shackled to drugs, creams and other treatments for the rest of their lives. The HIV positive person becomes dependent on them, making the person suffering from the HIV or AIDS a prisoner in his or her own body.

EradicateHIV researchers have estimated that over 3.5 billion people could be protected from crippling HIV. This simple process is so powerful.

Eradicate HIV. HIV spread chart of SubSaharan Africa
Eradicate HIV. HIV spread chart of Sub-Saharan Africa
A person suffering from HIV or AIDS, even after taking all prescribed medication recommended by the doctor, in most of the cases, does not get cured from the disease. This modern medical system fails him / her and millions of other persons across the world.

EradicateHIV RESEARCH into How to Eradicate HIV and AIDS

The research done on various aspects of the HIV and AIDS are all in vain as the mainstream medical methods of trying to cure these diseases seem to be attacking from a completely wrong angle. After going through thousands of scientific studies and research papers and working with the observations given by hundreds of doctors, researchers and medical professionals, EradicateHIV research, reached this phenomenal conclusion.

The EradicateHIV research exposes the root cause of HIV infection. This research has identified the first source of contact for the virions of HIV that causes the HIV infection. It was also observed that the virions of HIV not only lodged in this space but where rubbed into the underdeveloped head of the penis in male and the underdeveloped clitoris of female by the forskin in male and the hood in female respectively. Along with virions of HIV, microbes of bacteria and fungus also used the underdeveloped head of the penis in male and the underdeveloped clitoris of female as gateway to enter into the human body.

The irritation caused by these frequent invasion could lead to development of cancer on the organ that is targeted. But that was not a part of this study. 

The mere invasion of the inactive and immobile virions of HIV virus triggered and activated various faster growth of virions of HIV into fully grown HIV inside the CD4 cell. This activity caused the immune system of the body to become weaker and weaker as the process continues.

During the EradicateHIV research it was found that this space within the body of male and female human beings is often neglected and forms an unfortunate but scary lodging ground for the virions of HIV. 

Earlier Researches had confirmed that the HIV cannot survive in normal environment outside the CD4 cell. They also cannot survive in the blood or the body fluids in the human body in its matured form. The fully grown HIV only produces and releases virions of HIV but that too was cleaned and thrown out of the body by the cleaning process of the body.

So it was concluded the virions of HIV must have found a way to reenter after it is cleansed or enter the body for the first time and that part must have very less or no protection to let this invasion take place. And very truely the foreskin in the male and the hood in the female were found to lodge and rub the inactive and immobile virions on to the unprotected head of the penis in male and the unprotected clitoris in female such that the virions of HIV literally fall on to the waiting CD4 cell, that are present in the tissue in large numbers to protect the body from invading microorganisms, and lets the virions of HIV invade the said CD4 cell and grow into HIV inside it. As the HIV matures inside the CD4 cell it produces and releases more and more virions of HIV and the above mentioned cycle continues.

This purgatory of virions of HIV (place which is neither inside the body nor completely outside the body) is the culprit behind HIV infection. Along with lack of cleanliness and hygiene this becomes more severe. If this process is not controlled then it would be impossible to protect the body from HIV infection.

There is only one reason why this space becomes the purgatory of the virions of HIV. Ever wondered why people suffering from HIV have high rates of genital pain, irritation, bleeding, cancer and organ failure?

Just one reason the underdevloped head of the penis in male and the underdeveloped clitoris in female.

The underdevloped head of the penis in male and the underdeveloped clitoris in female are just muscle structure and does not have a developed skin to cover it. It’s typically covered with the foreskin in male and the hood female. 

Researchers found out that this underdevloped head of the penis in male and the underdeveloped clitoris in female offers the microorganisms the gateway they require under the hood of the in female and under the foreskin in male. How does virions of HIV virus reach the underdevloped head of the penis in male and the underdeveloped clitoris in female? EradicateHIV research found that the virions produced and released by the matured HIV inside the CD4 cell is cleaned and thrown out of the body through the natural cleaning process. The virions of HIV that are thrown out of the body by urine gets lodged under the foreskin in male and under the hood in female. These inactive and immoveable virions of HIV are then rubbed onto the underdevloped head of the penis in male and the underdeveloped clitoris in female, which makes them drop on to the CD4 present in large numbers under the unprotected muscular tissue. This allows the virion of the HIV to easily stick ot the CD4 cell, become activated and then enter that CD4 cell and grow into a HIV. 

Further some researchers claim that through cleaning can remove microorganisms and virions of virus lodged in the space between the prepuce and the underdevloped head of the penis in male and the underdeveloped clitoris in female.  

But EradicateHIV research exposes the fact that this area being underdeveloped and skinless cannot be cleaned properly. And it was found that cleaning only removes the visible particles but the microorganisms and virons of viruses attached to the skin and the underdevloped head of the penis in male and the underdeveloped clitoris in female continue their presence without any hurdles. The best example would be the brushing of one’s teeth. No matter how many times a person diligently brushes his / her teeth some bacteria and virions of viruses find a way to survive in the mouth and people suffer from cavities and other oral diseases.

Further more it was found that while cleaning there is seepage of the cleaning liquid through the skinless and undeveloped surface and cleaning also causes micro injuries that are not visible to the human eyes on this bare muscle tissue of the underdevloped head of the penis in male and the underdeveloped clitoris in female. These micro injuries can cause the virions of HIV virus to fall easily into the blood stream easily and on to the waiting CD4 cells. 

Since the inactive and immobile virons of HIV itself cannot move by itself and uses the forces of nature to move from one place to other the transmission also takes from from foreskin and the underdeveloped head of the penis in male to the hood and underdeveloped clitoris of the female or vice versa. 

Even when a HIV positive person becomes intimate with another person and if the HIV positive person is circumcised then there is less likely of transmission of virions of HIV. In the same manner if the person becoming intimate with the HIV positive person is circumcised then he / she is less likely to acquire the HIV infection. (In all the above conditions it is implied that the concerned persons should not be having any injury or cut on the skin near the genital area or otherwise from where there is a possiblity of secondary types of infection wherein the HIV contained inside the CD4 cell can enter the blood stream of the non infected person from that of the infected person.) The virions of HIV can survive harsh conditions and can lodge itself in the blood or the body fluids or in the area where it can be lodged for long periods of time even till the death of the person, without infecting him / her or rather failing to infect the host, but at the same time infecting those who become intimate with that person.

And what does this lead to? the underdevloped head of the penis in male and the underdeveloped clitoris in female provides a gateway for the virions of HIV. And that is the root cause of HIV infection.

EradicateHIV research went back a little bit further so as to find out how the underdevloped head of the penis in male and the underdeveloped clitoris in female becomes the gateway for HIV and how to stop it.

For that it was required to find out the reasons what causes the HIV infection –

The causes of HIV infection are many the foremost being intimacy with opposite sex, from the lack of proper hygiene, lack of natural protection of the skin, positioned just outside the place from which the cleaning process of the body throws the microorganisms out of the body, easy lodging place for virons of HIV, availability of CD4 cells, immune cells of the human body that virions of HIV first invades to grow into HIV inside the human body and the underdevloped head of the penis in male and the underdeveloped clitoris in female with its total lack of skin for protection and the foreskin in male and hood in female to lodge the virions of HIV, contains all the ingredients needed for a perfect gateway into the human body for the virions of HIV.

Now how to stop it?

The SOLUTION on how Eradicate HIV and AIDS

This is the one thing that has been hidden, suppressed and kept secret. The answer is the cure for HIV and AIDS. And the answer is Circumcision.

To be specific both male and female circumcision. While in male circumcision amounts to removal of foreskin of penis, in female circumcision would mean removal of the hood of the clitoris also called as clitoral unhooding.

“However, male foreskin and the clitoral hood are identical, both composed of muccocutaneous tissue.”
( Cold and Taylor, “The prepuce,” )
“Using circumcision as a deterrent for HIV/AIDS is equivalent to what a vaccine of high efficacy would have achieved.”
( Bertran Auvert, Dirk Taljaard, Emmanuel Lagarde, Joelle SobngwiTambekou, Rémi Sitta, and Adrian Puren. ‘Randomized, Controlled Intervention Trial of Male Circumcision for Reduction of HIV Infection Risk: The ANRS 1265 Trial.’ PLoS Medicine 2, no. 11 (2005): 298.)

According to S. L. Kistler, a physician in Los Angeles,
“female circumcision was easier than male circumcision”,
and he believed
“male circumcision so easy a man could perform his own with the use of a phimosis clamp, provided he did not become fainthearted.”
EradicateHIV research have discovered that by only performing male circumcision the HIV tend to survive under the hood of the clitoris of the female thus continuing the chain of infections. By the elimination of both these lodging grounds the virions of HIV will have nowhere to go but to fall out of the human body. It is because of this fact that this research gives 100% guarantee that on implementation male and female circumcision can eradicate HIV virus from the face of the earth.

What’s most shocking is that the prescription drugs recommended by doctors and even those recommended by all medical associations for protection against the HIV have been proven to actually create resistance in the virions of HIV where by producing new strains of HIV virus in the next generation and eventually leading the person infected with the HIV getting his / her immune system so weak that they end up acquiring the AIDS infection. Hence circumcision turns out to be the most effective protection against the HIV virus.

Eradicate HIV. Currently No Vaccine.
Eradicate HIV. Currently No Vaccine.
All the drug intake, cream application and other superficial treatment does not seem to work against the the HIV. But a simple circumcision can free a person from the fear of getting infected by the HIV. 

As soon as the place or purgatory is gone, the lodging ground of the virions of HIV goes with it. Now this space becomes a space outside the human body where the virions of HIV would just fall off. 

This eliminates further invasion of the virions of HIV and the person is protected from HIV infection. In the case of a HIV positive person after circumcision, the repeated invasion of the virions of HIV is stopped and the cycle of infection is broken whereby the person further infection is halted and the person may get stablized at whatever level of infection he / she is. 

“But consider the parallels between removal of the male foreskin and the removal of the clitoral hood, both normal, protective mucocutaneous tissue.” 
(C.J. Cold and J.R. Taylor “The prepuce”)
“By definition, both are circumcision. If male circumcision is thought to be harmless and have no effect on sexual function, there is no reason to believe that removal of the medically female equivalent would have a different effect.”, 
(British Journal of Urology (BJU International) 83, no. S1 (January 1999): 3444.)

EradicateHIV research found that circumcision does not in any way affect sexual function as both the male foreskin and the female clitoral hood has no role to play in the sexual activity. There are no nerve ending under the foreskin of the penis in male or clitoral hood in female but it is just covered with glands that produce a liquid for lubrication between the foreskin and the underdevloped head of the penis in male and the hood and the underdeveloped clitoris in female repectively. 

There is an argument that there are many nerve endings on the underside of these 2 surfaces. As mentioned above there are no nerve endings under the forskin or hood but there are only glands secreting liquid to prevent friction on the underdevloped head of the penis in male and the underdeveloped clitoris in female. All the nerve endings are present on the underdevloped head of the penis in male and the underdeveloped clitoris in female that gives sexual satisfaction, orgasm and climax during sexual activity. Further one should also remember that foreskin in male and the hood in female lodges and supports the entry of the virions of HIV through the underdevloped head of the penis in male and the underdeveloped clitoris in female which develop into HIV inside the CD4 cell creating an HIV infection that can kill you.

How EradicateHIV RESEARCH to Eradicate HIV and AIDS enhances Researchers efforts?

Scientists and researchers from all over the world have reached to some remarkable results by using circumcision let us see how this breakthrough can improve their efforts:

‘Male circumcision for HIV prevention: current research and programmatic issues’, authors Weiss, Helen A (MRC Tropical Epidemiology Group, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London UK), Dickson, Kim E (Prevention in the Health Sector Unit, HIV Department, World Health Organization; Geneva, Switzerland), Agot, Kawango (Impact Research and Development Organization, Kisumu, Kenya), Hankins, Catherine A (Department of Evidence, Monitoring and Policy, Joint United Nations Programme onHIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), Geneva, Switzerland.), in an article in the AIDS, official journal of the international aids society states, 
“Randomized controlled trials in sub Saharan Africa have shown that adult male circumcision reduces the risk of HIV acquisition in men by about 60%. In this article, we review recent data on the association of male circumcision and HIV/sexually transmitted infection in men and women. This includes a summary of data showing some evidence of an effect of male circumcision against genital ulcer disease, HSV2 infection, human papillomavirus and Trichomonas vaginalis, but not Chlamydia trachomatis or Neisseria gonorrhoea in men. Longitudinal studies among HIV discordant couples suggest that male circumcision may provide some direct long term benefit to women, which may start after complete wound healing.” 
This research suggests that when Male circumcision is combined with female circumcision complete eradication of the HIV virus can be achieved.

In the ‘Pediatrics’ September 2012, VOLUME 130 / ISSUE 3 From the American Academy of Pediatrics, the Technical Report on Male Circumcision by the TASK FORCE ON CIRCUMCISION states, 
“Male circumcision consists of the surgical removal of some, or all, of the foreskin (or prepuce) from the penis. It is one of the most common procedures in the world. In the United States, the procedure is commonly performed during the newborn period. In 2007, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) convened a multidisciplinary workgroup of AAP members and other stakeholders to evaluate the evidence regarding male circumcision and update the AAP’s 1999 recommendations in this area. The Task Force included AAP representatives from specialty areas as well as members of the AAP Board of Directors and liaisons representing the American Academy of Family Physicians, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The Task Force members identified selected topics relevant to male circumcision and conducted a critical review of peer reviewed literature by using the American Heart Association’s template for evidence evaluation.”

Eradicate HIV. HIV in U.S.
Eradicate HIV. HIV in U.S.
“Evaluation of current evidence indicates that the health benefits of newborn male circumcision outweigh the risks; furthermore, the benefits of newborn male circumcision justify access to this procedure for families who choose it. Specific benefits from male circumcision were identified for the prevention of urinary tract infections, acquisition of HIV, transmission of some sexually transmitted infections, and penile cancer. Male circumcision does not appear to adversely affect penile sexual function/sensitivity or sexual satisfaction. It is imperative that those providing circumcision are adequately trained and that both sterile techniques and effective pain management are used. Significant acute complications are rare. In general, untrained providers who perform circumcisions have more complications than well trained providers who perform the procedure, regardless of whether the former are physicians, nurses, or traditional religious providers.”
Here again EradicateHIV research suggests that female circumcision has not been considered here too. Female circumcision has the same benefits as male circumcision. Female Circumcision completes the cycle of prevention against the above mentioned diseases especially HIV and AIDS. The HIV was not eradicated because the virions of virus continued to lodge in the uncircumcised hood of the clitoris in females.

In a position statement regarding ‘Newborn male circumcision’ by The Canadian Paediatric Society states that, 

“The circumcision of newborn males in Canada has become a less frequent practice over the past few decades. This change has been significantly influenced by past recommendations from the Canadian Paediatric Society and the American Academy of Pediatrics, who both affirmed that the procedure was not medically indicated. Recent evidence suggesting the potential benefit of circumcision in preventing urinary tract infection and some sexually transmitted infections, including HIV, has prompted the Canadian Paediatric Society to review the current medical literature in this regard.” 
Here again EradicateHIV research suggests use of Female circumcision for complete eradication of the HIV virus.

The ‘Topic Paper’ in ‘World Journal of Urology’ of February 2012, Volume 30, Issue 1, pp 313 mentions ‘Male circumcision and HIV infection risk’ by John N. Krieger which states, 
“Level 1 evidence supports the concept that male circumcision substantially reduces the risk of HIV infection. Three major lines of evidence support this conclusion: biological data suggesting that this concept is plausible, data from observational studies supported by high quality meta analyses, and three randomized clinical trials supported by high quality meta analyses.”
Here again EradicateHIV research suggest use of Female circumcision for complete eradication of the HIV virus.

WHO and UNAIDS announce recommendations from expert consultation on male circumcision for HIV prevention states, 
“A significant public health impact is likely to occur most rapidly if male circumcision services are first provided where the incidence of heterosexually acquired HIV infection is high. It was therefore recommended that countries with high prevalence, generalized heterosexual HIV epidemics that currently have low rates of male circumcision consider urgently scaling up access to male circumcision services. A more rapid public health benefit will be achieved if age groups at highest risk of acquiring HIV are prioritized, although providing male circumcision services to younger age groups will also have public health impact over the longer term. Modeling studies suggest that male circumcision in sub Saharan Africa could prevent 5.7 million new cases of HIV infection and 3 million deaths over 20 years.”
Here again EradicateHIV research would suggest female circumcision as the virons of HIV tend to lodge under the hood of the uncircumcised female clitoris thus negating the effect of Male circumcision to a great extend.

The American Cancer Society, on ‘Penile Cancer’ under the title ‘Can penile cancer be prevented?’ states, 
“In the past, circumcision (removing the foreskin on the penis) has been suggested as a way to lower penile cancer risk. This was based on studies that reported much lower penile cancer rates among circumcised men than among uncircumcised men. But in some studies, the protective effect of circumcision was no longer seen after factors like smegma and phimosis were taken into account.
In the United States, the risk of penile cancer is low even among uncircumcised men. Men who wish to lower their risk of penile cancer can do so in other ways, such as by avoiding human papilloma virus (HPV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and by not smoking. Men who aren’t circumcised can also lower their risk of penile cancer by practicing good genital hygiene. Although infant circumcision can lower the risk of penile cancer, based on the low risk of this cancer in the US, it would take over 900 circumcisions to prevent one case of penile cancer in this country.” 
EradicateHIV research suggests that the frequent invasion of the virions of HIV that are lodged under the foreskin in male and the hood in female has not been considered and that HIV infection is caused by the virions of HIV that cannot be seen by human eyes. Cleaning the underdevloped head of the penis in male and the underdeveloped clitoris in female will not clean the HIV virus and severely damage the underdeveloped and skinless parts, leading to microscopic injuries, which would facilitate virions of HIV to fall more easily onto the CD4 cells. Cleaning can even seepage of cleaning liquid into the body through the underdevloped head of the penis in male and the underdeveloped clitoris in female.  

It the understanding that by circumcision the underdevloped head of the penis in male and the underdeveloped clitoris in female becomes developed ie. a normal skin is developed on the bare muscle of the head of the penis in male and the clitoris in female. The space for lodging of virions of HIV is destroyed by the removal of the foreskin in male and the hood in female and that part of the body becomes a normal part outside the body like all other parts of the human body where the virions of HIV just fall of and does not infect the body. The fact that the same virions of HIV virus can lodge in the space under the hood of the clitoris in female can cause HIV infection in females has been completely ignored. This also can cause invasion by virions of HIV during and after intimacy in the females thus negating the effect of Male circumcision of the male partner to a great extend.

An article in the ‘International Journal of STD & AIDS’ titled ‘Circumcision in Australia: prevalence and effects on sexual health’ by Juliet Richters (National Centre in HIV Social Research, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia), Anthony M A Smith (Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health and Society, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia), Richard O de Visser (Department of Psychology, University of Sussex, Brighton, UK), Andrew E Grulich (National Centre in HIV Epidemiology and Clinical Research, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia), Christopher E Rissel (Health Promotion Unit, Sydney South West Area Health Service (Eastern Zone), Sydney, Australia) states, 

“More than half (59%) of the men were circumcised. Circumcision was less common among younger men (32% aged <20) and more common among the Australian born (69%). After correction for age, circumcision was unrelated to reporting STI, but appeared to protect against penile candidiasis. Circumcision was unrelated to most sexual difficulties, but circumcised men were less likely to report physical pain during intercourse or trouble keeping an erection; reasons for this are unknown. There were no significant differences in practices at last sexual encounter with a female partner or in masturbation alone. Circumcised men had somewhat more liberal sexual attitudes.” 
EradicateHIV research suggest the reason for the pain during intercourse is caused due to lack of flexibility of the foreskin, and due to the underdevloped head of the penis in male and the underdeveloped clitoris in female which is just muscle tissue without skin, which makes it oversensitive and prone to severe trauma. Again here there is no mention about female circumcision. The uncircumcised hood of the clitoris can cause the same kind of pain in females with the cause being the same as mentioned above.

Here is what some of the lead researchers have to say:

In a medical journal published in PMC US National Library of Medicine, titled ‘Male circumcision, religion, and infectious diseases: an ecologic analysis of 118 developing countries’ authors Paul K Drain (University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, USA), Daniel T Halperin (United States Agency for International Development, Southern Africa Regional HIV AIDS Program, Mbabane, Swaziland), James P Hughes (Center for AIDS and STD, University of Washington, Seattle, USA) , Jeffrey D Klausner (San Francisco Department of Public Health, San Francisco, USA), and Robert C Bailey (Division of Epidemiology, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, USA) states,
“Male circumcision was significantly associated with lower cervical cancer incidence and lower HIV prevalence in sub Saharan Africa, independent of Muslim and Christian religion. As predicted, male circumcision was also strongly associated with lower HIV prevalence among countries with primarily heterosexual HIV transmission, but not among countries with primarily homosexual or injection drug use HIV transmission. These findings strengthen the reported biological link between Male Circumcision and some sexually transmitted infectious diseases, including HIV and cervical cancer.” 
EradicateHIV research suggests had female circumcision been considered then instead of ‘lower HIV prevalence’ the mention would have been ‘HIV was eradicated’. Furthermore the same biological link could have been established with female circumcision as that which has been confirmed with male circumcision.


In a medical journal published in Annual Review of medicine, titled ‘Male Circumcision: A Globally Relevant but Under Utilized Method for the Prevention of HIV and Other Sexually Transmitted Infections’ Vol. 65: 293306 (Volume publication date January 2014), First published online as a Review in Advance on September 16, 2013, DOI: 10.1146/annurevmed 092412090539, authors, Aaron A.R. Tobian (Department of Pathology and Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21287), Seema Kacker (Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21287), and Thomas C. Quinn (Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, Division of Intramural Research, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892) states,

“Randomized trials have demonstrated that male circumcision (MC) reduces heterosexual acquisition of HIV, herpes simplex virus type 2, human papilloma virus (HPV), and genital ulcer disease among men, and it reduces HPV, genital ulcer disease, bacterial vaginosis, and trichomoniasis among female partners. The pathophysiology behind these effects is multi factorial, relying on anatomic and cellular changes. MC is cost effective and potentially cost saving in both the United States and Africa. The World Health Organization and Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS proposed reaching 80% MC coverage in HIV endemic countries, but current rates fall far behind targets. Barriers to scale up include supply side and demand side challenges. In the United States, neonatal MC rates are decreasing, but the American Academy of Pediatrics now recognizes the medical benefits of MC and supports insurance coverage. Although MC is a globally valuable tool to prevent HIV and other sexually transmitted infections, it is underutilized. Further research is needed to address barriers to MC uptake.” 
Here too EradicateHIV research would suggest ‘reduction of the acquisition of HIV virus’ is so mentioned as the HIV virus continue to lodge under the hood of the uncircumcised, unprotected and underdeveloped female clitoris thus negating the eradication of HIV.

There are thousands of such scientific studies and statements issued by medical organizations supporting circumcision but all seem to be incomplete in one sector or the other.

By considering all this one can conclude that it does not matter what the age of the person is, what is the person’s weight or what his or her lifestyle is this circumcision works for all, it protects everyone from HIV.

This is the life saving information that has been hidden from common people for decades. Circumcision is a simple process to stop HIV without drugs, cream applications or other treatments. Now imagine if this truth was known to all. Diseases like HIV could be eradicated. It would not have infected human beings to start with.

Imagine if everyone had access to all of this medical research and the simple lifesaving method, thousands of persons can protect themselves from HIV.

Reason why SOLUTION to Eradicate HIV not implemented.

EradicateHIV research has found out that the pharmaceutical and medical industry have had knowledge about this simple procedure for decades. These studies are not be new for them. 

The pharmaceutical industry is profit oriented and these companies earn huge profits by treating HIV infections. The HIV medications is $14.1 billion dollar a year industry globally and is rising. (http://www.bccresearch.com/marketresearch/pharmaceuticals/aidshivtestingtreatmentmarketphm058a. Retrieved 352016). 

Just consider this; every time an HIV positive person goes to the doctor, the doctor makes money. Every drug the doctor prescribes the doctor makes money so does the pharmaceutical company. Every injection, tablet the patient buys, every tests the patient does these companies makes lots and lots of money. Even if the process is sometimes free for the patient but the government or foundations or other organisations pay for it.

Eradicate HIV. HIV Medicines.
Eradicate HIV. HIV Medicines.

HIV positive persons have become cash vending atms for big pharmaceutical companies. HIV positive person have to keep buying their drugs, creams and other medication for all their life.

But if people undergo circumcision and protect themselves from the HIV virus, they eliminate the need to take HIV medication. Then the pharmaceutical companies would stand to lose billions of dollars.

Now even the government health agencies were aware of this information but is not in a position step in and do something to save their citizens. Because they have no option than to collaborate with the pharmaceutical industry. The reason being that the government health agencies are sponsored, lobbied and influenced by the billion dollar pharmaceutical companies.

The pharmaceutical companies in collaboration with the respective governments have passed laws against circumcision. This is clearly mentioned in the book ‘Current Circumcision Trends and Guidelines’ By Micah Jacobs , Richard Grady, David A. Bolnick, which states, 
“Most consensus statements are made after clear consideration of the evidence at hand tempered by local politics. Routine circumcision was the norm in Great Britain, Canada, and the USA until after the Second World War.”
EradicateHIV research confirms that it is the stand of the respective governments of the different countries against circumcision since the 1900's, after the World War II, when due to shortage of funds many vaccination and medical procedures were stopped. Circumcision was one of them. The stoppage of performance of circumcision is the reason for the spread of HIV from that period. Highlighting this point the current citizens of those countries should request their current respective governments to re-implement the process of circumcision so that HIV can be eradicated. 

While male circumcision has been proven to be 60% effective against HIV virus it is still made optional or elective by law. Female circumcision was treated like banned and related to female genital mutilation (FGM) (A tribal custom followed in Africa.) There is huge difference between Female Circumcision and FGM. Female Circumcision just amounts to the removal of the hood of the clitoris. It is a legal process accepted in countries all over the world. It is part of hoodectomy and labiaplasty. It comes under Female Genital Cosmetic Surgeries (FGSC) a legally accepted form of surgery all over the world. 

It can be said that any other organ or part of the female genitalia that is cut other than the hood of the clitoris, it should be considered as FGM.

EradicateHIV research also found out that the pharmaceutical companies have made authors to write against circumcision.  These companies then hold up these writings as evidence to suppress circumcision. They have purposely made writers relate Female circumcision with FGM so that Female Circumcision also gets banned all over the world along with FGM. The word circumcision is derived from the latin word circumcis - to cut around, from the verb circumcidere, from circum 'around, about' + caedere 'to cut'. Which clearly means to cut around a part and not on it. The writers who have used Female circumcision to mean FGM have either done it on purpose or ignorantly or just followed the trend without giving due reference to the  meaning of the word.

The pharmaceutical companies have suppressed many research works done by scientist and researchers to rake in more profits. The best example would be WHO supporting circumcision to stop the spread of HIV. But researchers state that they do not know what stops the spread of HIV by circumcision. 

Doesn’t that sound like somebody saying that, 
“I was present for the speech by President Barack Obama, the President of USA. It was a great speech. But I don’t remember what he said.”
Can anybody digest that? 

Just as explained above the underdevloped head of the penis in male and the underdeveloped clitoris in female offers the microorganisms the purgatory they require under the hood of the clitoris in male and under the foreskin of the penis in female. It also offers them the time to lodge and infect the immune cells of the body present over there so that they can attack the human body causing diseases. With this lodging space gone the virions of HIV cannot invade the human body. This is what makes the virions of HIV to fall outside the human body and controls the infection and transmission of the HIV.

The partial success in controlling the spread of HIV is because by only circumcising the male the HIV continues to lodge under the hood of the clitoris of females. By circumcision of both male and female completely eradication of the HIV virus can be achieved. (if one can control the blood transfusion flow and the exchange of needles in certain countries, at the same time).

EradicateHIV research also found a nexus between the pharmaceutical companies and the people who have created forums against circumcision. This has created confusion in the minds of parents, when making a decision regarding circumcision for their children. 

Forums that questions, 'How can a father or mother take a decision to circumcise their child?' and 'Shouldn't It should be the child’s choice to get circumcised or not when he grows up?' Does the same argument not apply for vaccination given to the child by decision of the parents? Does the same argument not apply for the food given to the child by the decision of the parents? For that matter does the same argument not apply for every decision made by the parent for their children? By the time the child grows up the underdevloped head of the penis in male and the underdeveloped clitoris in female may have already let the virons of HIV get into the body or other microorganisms that would cause many other diseases to enter the body throught his unprotected gateway.

Should the parent wait for the child to start speaking so that the child can explain what kind of food the child likes to have? Just think, a parent will not be able to save his / her child if the parent does not take certain decisions on behalf of the child today or else that child could die or would be suffer from some severe diseases like HIV and also would remain illiterate. Such things could have been easily prevented if the child’s parents would take the right decision on behalf of the child..

Now when these very protesters or their families or others influenced by their ideology are infected by this very HIV, they buy the medications from the pharmaceutical companies who made them carry out this protest. Thus these innocent protesters become cash cows for the pharmaceutical companies making them richer at the cost of the pain and anguish the same protesters or their family members or their followers have to undergo. 

Furthermore pharmaceutical companies use many other methods to suppress circumcision like take the cover of religion by declaring circumcision as a religious custom or ritual. Now when most of the religions around the world including Jews, Christians, Muslims and many other religions accepts circumcision but have different views about it. While Jews support male circumcision they don’t support female circumcision. Christians, the most widely spread religion, in which Jesus Christ himself was circumcised as mentioned in the Bible, have kept circumcision as optional. In Muslims too male circumcision is prevalent. The other religions have their own views about circumcision. 

So to instill hatred for circumcision the pharmaceutical companies has pitted circumcision as the religions custom and then branded it as religious ritual of that particular religion. This has made the followers of other religions would look at circumcision with contempt. In the whole process, the medical value of circumcision is completely negated. The pharmaceutical companies continue to earn more profits due to this misunderstanding.

EradicateHIV research has uncovered the truth that most of the religions of the world has accepted circumcision for the medical benefits that circumcision offers and not vice versa. Just there are many good things that are common with all the religions so is circumcision. It is not a religious ritual of a particular religion.

Related to religion there is one more argument that EradicateHIV research came across. It is that God has created each person in perfect figure and that there is no need to change it. 

If that is the case then one should never cut their hair and nails. That would also mean damaging the perfect figure. Another case would be one should never clean themselves. That would remove the dead cells of the body again damaging the perfect figure. 

EradicateHIV research would like to specify that the penis and clitoris are also the extremities of human beings just like fingers and the head. One can easily cut one’s nails and hair because they don’t have nerve endings. People should be thankful to which ever God they believe, that circumcision has to be done only once and that the hood of the clitoris and foreskin of the penis do not grow back like the nails and hair. Just imagine the pain one would have to go through if they would have to be cut as frequently.

EradicateHIV research has also found out that the pharmaceutical industry tries everything it can do to hide all those scientific studies that has been carried out in this field. There are thousands of successful trials with patients, conducted by scientists from all over the world and printed in renowned medical journals. Each one proving how one can prevent, treat, and cure HIV by circumcision and without drugs. 

For the pharmaceutical industry these studies and its life saving evidence are nonexistent. Only those studies that benefit the medical industry in some way is accepted. No consideration is given to any procedure even if it is more effective, cheaper and even if it gives 100% results.

But at these times when the whole humanity is suffering with infections like HIV and AIDS, the pharmaceutical industry should keep their profits aside and think in terms of the profit of humanity. 

They should note that the pharmaceutical industry requires living humans being to buy their drugs. It is also possible that the owners of many of these pharmaceutical companies may have their family members, friends, relatives infected with HIV or waiting to get infected. They should question themselves will all the money they have accumulated save that person from the HIV. But one decision of allowing circumcision and legalizing it would save the world from HIV infection put a step forward to eradicate HIV.

CONCLUSION


The virions of HIV lodges in under the male foreskin of the penis and under the female hood of the clitoris. It uses the underdevloped head of the penis in male and the underdeveloped clitoris in female as a gateway to enter the body and invade the CD4 cells present there. Sexual contact constitutes the major process by which the lodging and transmission of the virions of HIV takes place. 

Male circumcision and female circumcision together can eradicate HIV completely. When all the human forces financially connected or otherwise come together to approve and implement circumcision it can become an effective vaccination against HIV. 

Every person in this world who wants protect himself or herself from HIV should support EradicateHIV research. By supporting the EradicateHIV research every person would become a part of fight against HIV. This would help in the eradication of HIV. And also ensure that the future generations safe and protected from this disease. 

Because once the HIV has infected the body the prescribed drugs, creams and other medical procedure can only stop the after effects of the HIV infection but cannot destroy the HIV. The future will then be full of health complications, discomfort, pain, irritation, organ damage and even death for the HIV positive person. 

EradicateHIV research offers the quickest, easiest and smartest option, to protect every person on the earth and their families from the infection of the HIV. Support the EradicateHIV research to eradicate HIV permanently.


Y. Ali
PGSPL

Note:
  1. EradicateHIV research is based on information collected over the years from books published, Newspaper articles, research paper publication and going through case study by doctors in this field.
  2. The whole research was done scientifically and with the only intention to bring out the facts about an issue that can help the world and save many lives.
  3. This does not reflect the views of any religious teachings or is not a part of any forum views.
  4. The views mentioned in EradicateHIV research purely written after thorough research.
  5. There is no intention to hurt the sentiments of any section of the society.
  6. Most of the information in EradicateHIV research are available freely on the internet.
  7. This is a blog release of a part of research paper, the reader is requested to use his reasoning and when implementing the suggestions mentioned in blog.
  8. The author is not responsible for any loss or expense of any kind that may arise out of the implementation or non implementation of the suggestions mentioned in this blog.
  9. Researchers, Doctors, Research Organization and Medical Organization are encouraged to use this line to research, so that they can get to the conclusion to legitimize Circumcision as a vaccination against HIV so that HIV is eradicated forever from the face of the earth.
  10. In the event any researcher or medical association has published books or research to mislead or misinterpret or devalue the process of circumcision for whatever reasons, they should come out and speak about it so that such research is separated from actual research and time is not wasted in using that line of research.
  11. This is a time for the whole human race to come together and come out this wrong line of thinking against circumcision, and work towards re-implementing the practice of circumcision as soon as possible so that no life is wasted because of the HIV.
  12. The pharmaceutical industry is requested to bring out the truth regarding circumcision so that the decision makers can come to a decision fast and all of us together can eradicate HIV completely.
  13. The copyrights of the images shown rests with the image providers they are shown here to highlight the issue.
  14. If any person has any research pertaining to circumcision and methods how to eradicate HIV that has been published or not and would like to publish the same can send the research paper for publication on this site. Conditions Apply.

REFERENCES

References from but not limited to the following had helped in the process of the research for how to eradicate HIV:
  1. Cold and Taylor, “The prepuce,”
  2. Bertran Auvert, Dirk Taljaard, Emmanuel Lagarde, Joelle Sobngwi Tambekou, Rémi Sitta, and Adrian Puren. “Randomized, Controlled Intervention Trial of Male Circumcision for Reduction of HIV Infection Risk: The ANRS 1265 Trial.” PLoS Medicine 2, no. 11 (2005): 298.
  3. C.J. Cold and J.R. Taylor, “The prepuce,” British Journal of Urology (BJU International) 83, no. S1 (January 1999): 3444.
  4. ‘Male circumcision for HIV prevention: current research and programmatic issues’, authors Weiss, Helen A (MRC Tropical Epidemiology Group, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London UK), Dickson, Kim E (Prevention in the Health Sector Unit, HIV Department, World Health Organization; Geneva, Switzerland), Agot, Kawango (Impact Research and Development Organization, Kisumu, Kenya), Hankins, Catherine A (Department of Evidence, Monitoring and Policy, Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), Geneva, Switzerland.), in an article in the AIDS, official journal of the international aids society
  5. In the ‘Pediatrics’ September 2012, VOLUME 130 / ISSUE 3 From the American Academy of Pediatrics, the Technical Report on Male Circumcision by the TASK FORCE ON CIRCUMCISION
  6. In a position statement regarding ‘Newborn male circumcision’ by The Canadian Paediatric Society
  7. The ‘Topic Paper’ in ‘World Journal of Urology’ of February 2012, Volume 30, Issue 1, pp 313 mentions ‘Male circumcision and HIV infection risk’ by John N. Krieger
  8. WHO and UNAIDS announce recommendations from expert consultation on male circumcision for HIV prevention
  9. The American Cancer Society, on ‘Penile Cancer’ under the title ‘Can penile cancer be prevented?’
  10. Article in the ‘International Journal of STD & AIDS’ titled ‘Circumcision in Australia: prevalence and effects on sexual health’ by Juliet Richters (National Centre in HIV Social Research, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia), Anthony M A Smith (Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health and Society, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia), Richard O de Visser (Department of Psychology, University of Sussex, Brighton, UK), Andrew E Grulich (National Centre in HIV Epidemiology and Clinical Research, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia), Christopher E Rissel (Health Promotion Unit, Sydney South West Area Health Service (Eastern Zone), Sydney, Australia)
  11. Medical journal published in PMC US National Library of Medicine, titled ‘Male circumcision, religion, and infectious diseases: an ecologic analysis of 118 developing countries’ authors Paul K Drain (University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, USA), Daniel T Halperin (2United States Agency for International Development, Southern Africa Regional HIVAIDS Program, Mbabane, Swaziland), James P Hughes (3Center for AIDS and STD, University of Washington, Seattle, USA) , Jeffrey D Klausner (San Francisco Department of Public Health, San Francisco, USA), and Robert C Bailey (Division of Epidemiology, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, USA)
  12. Medical journal published in Annual Review of medicine, titled ‘Male Circumcision: A Globally Relevant but UnderUtilized Method for the Prevention of HIV and Other Sexually Transmitted Infections’ Vol. 65: 293306 (Volume publication date January 2014), First published online as a Review in Advance on September 16, 2013, DOI: 10.1146/annurevmed092412090539, authors, Aaron A.R. Tobian (Department of Pathology and Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21287), Seema Kacker (Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21287), and Thomas C. Quinn (Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, Division of Intramural Research, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892)
  13. ‘Current Circumcision Trends and Guidelines’ By Micah Jacobs , Richard Grady, David A. Bolnick,
  14. The Circumcision Decision: An Unbiased Guide for Parents By Susan Terkel, Lorna Greenberg
  15.  In Favour of Circumcision by Brian Morris
  16. A Surgical Temptation: The Demonization of the Foreskin and the Rise of Circumcision in Britain The Other Voice in Early Modern Europe Series by Robert Darby
  17. Contested Rituals: Circumcision, Kosher Butchering, and Jewish Political Life in Germany, 18431933 by Robin Judd
  18. Circumcision Exposed: Rethinking a Medical and Cultural Tradition by Billy Ray Boyd
  19. Circumcision: A History of the World’s Most Controversial Surgery by David Gollaher
  20. On Circumcision: Timely Information for Parents and Professionals from America’s #1 Expert on Circumcision by Ed Schoen
  21. Circumcision: what every parent should know by Anne Briggs
  22. Bodily Integrity and the Politics of Circumcision: Culture, Controversy, and Change Editors George C. Denniston, Pia Grassivaro Gallo, Frederick M. Hodges, Marilyn Fayre Milos, Franco Viviani
  23. What Your Doctor May Not Tell You About(TM): Circumcision: Untold Facts on America’s Most Widely Perfomedand Most UnnecessarySurgery – What Your Doctor May Not Tell You About by Paul M. Fleiss, Frederick M. Hodges
  24. The Joy of Uncircumcising!: Exploring Circumcision : History, Myths, Psychology, Restoration, Sexual Pleasure, and Human Rights by Jim Bigelow
  25. Understanding Circumcision: A MultiDisciplinary Approach to a MultiDimensional Problem by George C. Denniston, Frederick Mansfield Hodges, Marilyn Fayre Milos
  26. Male and Female Circumcision: Medical, Legal, and Ethical Considerations in Pediatric Practice by George C. Denniston, Frederick Mansfield Hodges, Marilyn Fayre Milos
  27. Flesh and Blood: Perspectives on the Problem of Circumcision in Contemporary Society by George C. Denniston, Frederick Mansfield Hodges, Marilyn Fayre Milos
  28. Circumcision: an American health fallacy – Volume 1 of Focus on Men Series – Volume 1 of Springer series, focus on men by Edward Wallerstein
  29. Surgical Guide to Circumcision by David A. Bolnick, Martin A. Koyle, Assaf Yosha
  30. Title: Female Circumcision, Website:http://www.circlist.com/glossaryfemale/fanatdetail/ femcirc.html Retrieved on 3042016
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  34. Studies of Fusiform bacilli and spirochetes.The Journal of Infectious Diseases. 1923
  35. C.F. McDonald argued in his paper ―Circumcision of the Female published in the General Practitioner of September, 1958
  36. A Candid Interview With Dr. Royal Benson, III—A Surgeon Who Has Performed Hundreds Of Clitoral Unhoodings—On His Surgical Method And Related Issues. at http://www.clitoralunhooding.com/faqdrbenson. html
  37. Female gynecologist Sitt AlBanat Khalid who in her Khitān albanāt ru‟yah sihhiyyah (2003)
  38. Negligence and Abuse by Dr. Amal Ahmed Elbasheir, Master of Community medicine, University of Khartoum (1997)
  39. Safe Female Circumcision by Dr. Sit Elbanat Khalid Mohamed Ali, Obstetrician Gynecologist, Khartoum University – Sudan
  40. Anatomy and Sexual dysfunction. Scientific American.Oct.2000 by Carol Ezzell.
  41. Female Circumcision as Sexual Therapy: The Past and Future of Plastic Surgery? By Sarah B. Rodriguez
  42. Female Circumcision, Indications and a New Technique.‖ General Practitioner September, 1959 by W. G. Rathmann
  43. Hooded Clitoris: Preliminary Report. The Journal of the American Society of Psychosomatic Dentistry and Medicine 1973 by Leo Wollman
  44. Dr. Takey Crist in a paper on Female Circumcision contributed to Medical Aspects of Human Sexuality August, 1977
  45. Carol Horowitz and Mamae Teklemariam who in a contribution on Female Circumcision to the New England Journal of Medicine (January 1995)
  46. Article ‘Orgasmic Dysfunction Among Women at a Primary Care Setting in Malaysia’ by Hatta Sidi, and Marhani Midin, and Sharifah Ezat Wan Puteh, and Norni Abdullah, (2008) Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health, 20
  47. Female circumcision in Indonesia by Meiwita Budiharsana & Lila Amaliah.2003
  48. Dawson, Benjamin E., “Circumcision in the Female: Its Necessity and How to Perform It.” American Journal of Clinical Medicine 22.6 (June 1915)
  49. “Female Circumcision.” Medical Aspects of Human Sexuality 11.8 (August, 1977) by Takey Crist
  50. “Nerve Endings in Glans clitoris vs. Glans Penis.” Medical Aspects of Human Sexuality. 15.7 (July, 1981), 88. By Scott, F. Brantley
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  54. CleanCut: Study Finds Circumcision Helps Prevent HIV and Other Infections by By Carina Storrs on January 13, 2010, published in Scientific American