Showing posts with label Eradicate HIV. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Eradicate HIV. Show all posts

Tuesday, May 24, 2016

100 ways to increase awareness about Male Circumcision and Female Circumcision

100 ways to increase awareness about Male Circumcision and Female Circumcision


You want to get circumcised yourself or you want to take a decision to do circumcision for your children, there are a number of factors that you, your spouse and your family can look at so as to get the maximum benefits out of Male Circumcision or Female Circumcision

To help you make that decision and get your mind working here are 100 ways to increase your awareness about of Male Circumcision or Female Circumcision.
100 ways to increase awareness about Male Circumcision and Female Circumcision. Eradicate HIV. eradicateHIV.
100 ways to increase awareness about Male Circumcision and Female Circumcision. Eradicate HIV. eradicateHIV.
First let us look into what is Circumcision. Circumcision is the surgical removal of the foreskin of the head of the penis in male and the hood of the clitoris in female.

Why should one undergo circumcision? If you are male you and if you have not undergone circumcision you will see that the head of the penis is underdeveloped. That means that the development has taken place only till the level of muscular structure. In other words there is no skin on the muscle of the head of the penis.

Likewise if you are a female and if you are uncircumcised you can clearly see that the clitoris is underdeveloped. Again what that would mean is the development has taken place only till the muscle structure and there is no skin on the muscle of the clitoris.

What exactly does underdevelopment means can be comprehended by the fact that every uncircumcised male and every uncircumcised female has to bear a perpetual pain of having a part of the body without a skin. When one gets injured and the skin is scraped and when one touches the bare muscle in that place, the pain that is experienced is borne by the uncircumcised male and uncircumcised female day in and day out but since this pain is a perpetual pain the body gets used to it. Even if they ignore it the pain is still there. 

Further the foreskin of the penis and the hood of the clitioris acts as an anchor for the microbes of bacteria and fungus and the virions of viruses. Then rub them on the underdeveloped and unprotected surface of the head of the penis and the clitoris respectively to ensure that the microorganisms enter the body and infect it with various diseases.

As mentioned above, in circumcision, the foreskin of the head of the penis in male and the hood of the clitoris in female is removed which not only stops the process of infection from the various microorganisms but also allows the completion of the development of the head of the penis and the clitoris. 

There are many points given below to better understand male and female circumcision. Much of this information will help you take a direct decision, while others will widen you view about Male Circumcision or Female Circumcision. Many of these information are specific to place and characteristic of human body, but they will help you taking the decision regarding performance of Male Circumcision or Female Circumcision


For the family members this would be valuable information that you can share with wannabe parents and uncircumcised individuals in the family. If the family members are with you in taking the decision regarding Male Circumcision or Female Circumcision, these information can help them in making the other person realize the importance of circumcision.


Acquire Knowledge about Male Circumcision or Female Circumcision.

1) Search for more knowledge

Search various media, take doctors opinion and research papers so as to understand what is written about Male Circumcision or Female Circumcision and what are the general views about circumcision. Search the existing benefits that is available regarding Male Circumcision or Female Circumcision.


2) Ask a person who has performed Circumcision.

See how those who has performed Male Circumcision or Female Circumcision to find out about circumcision and what made them take their decision to perform the same. This will help you understand the real reasons for you to analyse your decision.


3) Identify the core benefits.

Make a note that would describe the core benefits of Male Circumcision or Female Circumcision that is being targeted by you. When you are talking or asking a question, meeting people, interacting or refresh your intentions refer back to these notes.


4) Create a list of target benefits

Make of list of targeted benefits that you will gather in this process of acquiring more knowledge about Male Circumcision or Female Circumcision. Use these targeted benefits when making relevant queries regarding circumcision.


Create a mental platform


5) Create a level of thinking towards Circumcision

Your level of thinking should be the benchmark that would serve as the center of all your mental activity, from raising your level of thinking to approaching your social circle. Your level of thinking should be at par at least with the general level of thinking that exist towards Male Circumcision or Female Circumcision.


6) Keep an open mind

Provide a peek into the life of a circumcised individual atleast once or twice in the whole process of enquiry. Your mind will be more open to the practical insights, personal views and lifestyle which would become input for more strong belief in Male Circumcision and Female Circumcision.


7) Connect with yourself and your life

Think of all the hardship you had to face, all the sufferings you had to undergo being uncircumcised. Remember diseases you had been infected with, the pains you had to suffer and fear you had to undergo so that is becomes easy to take the decision to get circumcised or in circumcising your children.


8) Hold the image of getting circumcision in your mind

Make a image of getting circumcised in your mind and hold it there. Visualize getting circumcised so that it reminds you of the decision you have to take. If you are male visualise that the development of the head of your penis is completed and there is a skin over the muscle structure that you have today. If you are a woman imagine that the development of your clitoris is completed and there is a skin over the muscle structure that you have today. Make many small images would be better instead of holding one big image or image of data. 


9) Make a note

Write about Male Circumcision or Female Circumcision and put on your work desk, notice board or in a place in front of you where you can see it regularly. Seeing this note regularly will remind you of the decision you have to make.


10) Cross check the information you acquire with facts

Whenever you acquire information regarding Male Circumcision or Female Circumcision via any source, cross check them with the facts, confirmed facts, so that you don't get into a wrong conclusion.


11) Have a conversation with your family doctor

Make sure that your doctor is not biased in his opinion regarding Male Circumcision or Female Circumcision and then have a conversation with him or her so as to learn more about circumcision and its benefits.


12) See the view about Circumcision in your social circle

When you are in your social circle carefully introduce the topic of circumcision. Even if you don't involve yourself in the discussion, atleast see how the discussion progresses and see how the feedback can help you in taking your decision.


13) Link circumcision to day to day life.

In your mind see how you can link circumcision to your day to day life, make sure that you include the information you acquire, you can find the benefits of Male Circumcision or Female Circumcision by linking them to the current scenario of challenges faced by the medical faculty.


14) Create a mental flow

When you collect information regarding Male Circumcision or Female Circumcision, keep them flowing through your mind, don't let them stagnate on any one point. In this flow you can find the answers you are looking for, put emphasis on the recommendations that you find in it, make a note of what encourages you, while letting the information that is not relevant to flow by. Create a feel for the mental flow of information before focusing on the decision you have take regarding Male Circumcision or Female Circumcision.


Begin the process of Male Circumcision or Female Circumcision


15) Take the appointment of a doctor

A good doctor or surgeon can perform this minor surgical procedure perfectly. It is worth hiring a good doctor or surgeon to perform Male Circumcision or Female Circumcision that would give you a confident feeling all through you life.


16) Discuss about Circumcision with your doctor

Discuss the various methods by which this surgery can be done and choose the best method you like or that your doctor would suggest. Understand clearly the difference in each of the methods of Male Circumcision or Female Circumcision from you doctor and decide which one would be better for you.


17) Discuss the opinion of the doctor with you family

Create a strong family support by involving your family in helping you make the decision. When the family is unified in the your decision with your doctor, then it would be easy for them to stand by that decision and encourage you to go through with Male Circumcision or Female Circumcision.


18) Re confirm yours and your family's decision with the doctor.

Re confirming your and your family's decision with the doctor would be a great way to revitalize your decision. It gives you an opportunity to re-emphasis your decision with regard to the ever changing flow of information that you would be receiving with regard to Male Circumcision or Female Circumcision in your mind.


19) Fix a date

During your discussion with your doctor, consider fixing a date for the Male Circumcision or Female Circumcision to be done. Try to find a date that is not too hectic for the doctor or for you from your daily schedule.


Prepare yourself for Male Circumcision or Female Circumcision


20) Inform the doctor of any changes in your health

Your doctor should be informed about any changes in your health before the day of circumcision. This give the doctor time to make any necessary changes if required.


21) Follow the instructions given by your doctor

Make a list of all the instructions given by your doctor that you have to follow. Keep updating it whenever the doctor gives you any new instruction. If you would find time you can make a list of any instructions that you had not followed and list the reason for not following it.


22) Get any lab work or tests done as prescribed by your doctor.

As soon as the date for circumcision is fixed, get any lab work or test to be done, as per the prescription of the doctor. Get the reports and submit them to your doctor.


23) If you have any specific conditions, allergies etc. inform your doctor.

Notify your doctor if you have an specific conditions, allergies, so that the doctor can prepare for that. Once the doctor is aware of this condition, the doctor arrange for the necessary equipments, prescribe medications, etc. to neutralize the conditions at the time of circumcision.


24) Refrain from engaging in harmful habits

Those who are engaged in harmful habits like smoking, drinking etc. that includes those habits that causes thinning of blood and delay in healing of wounds, should be discontinued at least till the day circumcision is done.


25) Do not eat or drink anything before 12 hours.

Coming to the day of circumcision,refrain from eating or drinking from 12 hours prior to the time of the operation, or as per your doctor's suggestion.


26) Clean your self on the day of minor surgery

By keeping yourself clean before the operation, you will increase the chances of healing from the surgery faster, which will make go back to your daily routine sooner. Taking a shower, brushing your teeth without swallowing any water, etc. will allow fast recovery.


27) Don't wear make-up or contact lens

Different doctors have different criteria, but it is better not to wear make up or even contact lenses during the surgical procedure. In the event you have to wear contact lenses, carry the case along for use during the surgical procedure.


28) Leave all jewellery, cash and other valuables at home

If you usually carry or wear valuables, make it a point to leave them all at home on the day of circumcision. This way you wouldn't be tensed about their safety during your surgery.


29) Arrange for an adult to be with you.

On the condition that the hospital allows it, you may want to take an adult with you to the hospital and wait for you at the time of surgery. This way you can ensure that in the event you feel uncomfortable the person will be there to take care of you.


30) Bring proper identification and do all paperwork.

With the increasing requirements of the hospitals and its procedure; proper identification papers and doing all the paperwork required will decrease the time of pre operational procedure. The current and correct information provided will help in the proper documentation as required by the hospital. If required bring home cooked food, tea, coffee to be taken after the circumcision.


The Surgical procedure of Male Circumcision or Female Circumcision


31) A sedative may be given.

Depending on the physical condition of the person a sedative may be given. This is done for relieving the person from any kind of stress and make their body relaxed so that the surgical procedure can be carried out easily. The person can become less tensed or anxious during the circumcision.


32) Local anesthesia would be given

Local anesthesia would decrease the pain during the surgical procedure and it can decrease any movement that may be caused during circumcision. The anesthesiologist can decided how and where anesthesia should be given.


33) The surgery.

The surgery would be done as decided during the discussion with the doctor or surgeon. This also instills confidence in the person on whom the surgery is being done. The surgery lasts hardly for a few minutes in female and about 5-10 minutes in male.


34) Post surgical procedure

In male a bandage is applied after circumcision with or with the device that is used for surgery (depends on the type of device used for surgery). While in female antiseptic cream is applied, there is no need for applying a bandage.


Post circumcision care after Male Circumcision or Female Circumcision


35) Feeling of Pain.

A concise but annoying pain that causes some level of discomfort, the feeling being immersed in soreness, which most of the people can easily ignore, would follow after the effects of anesthesia wears off. The pain indicates that the wound is healing and it would be up to the person on his / her doctor's advice whether he / she wants to take a pain killer or not. 


36) Your doctor will guide you to normalcy after surgery

Using his /her experience the doctor would be able to tell you when you would be able to walk out of the room, where the surgery is performed. The person could check out himself / herself if he / she can comfortably walk out of the room. 


37) Check yourself if you can reattain your body routine

After coming out of the room where the surgery is performed the person, on the advice from his / her doctor can have food or tea whichever the person accompanying him might have carried along or you can buy food from the hospital canteen. Use your mental ability to check whether you can eat, drink, walk, etc. normally without the help of anybody. 


38) Take the support of your family on coming back home

Support from the family can effectively cause fast healing, especially if the person gets proper rest after the surgical procedure, and this would help the wound to heal itself. Research suggests that female can take a bath immediately after surgery but in male they may have to wait for 1-2 days or as per the procedure they had used for circumcision. 


39) Create a positive mind frame towards returning to your daily routine.

You can easily turn your mind frame to a positive mode by feeling the freedom you have achieved. This will help you to get back to your school or work more faster, which ideally would be 1-2 days in case of female and 5-7 days in case of male. 


Know what has been achieved by Male Circumcision or Female Circumcision


40) Make sure that better Hygiene is provided

As soon as Male Circumcision or Female Circumcision is done the person will find it easier to provide better hygiene to penile and clitoral area respectively. The person will also find that if he is a male then there is proper skin that has grown over his earlier underdeveloped head of the penis. If the person is female she may notice that there is proper growth that has completed the developed of the clitoris, which was earlier underdeveloped. 

The person, if he is male will also notice that there is no foreskin to lodge any microbes, dead skin, dust or other organisms the area can be washed properly. Similarly if the person is a female, she would realise that the hood of the clitiors that harbored microbes, dead skin, dust or other organisms is not present and the area can be cleaned easily.


41) Urinary tract infection would be reviewed as non-risky factor

Less or no presence of microbes makes Male Circumcision or Female Circumcision more protective against Urinary tract infection. Research has found that the decrease in the number of microbial presence in both male and female that has resulted in eliminating the risk of Urinary tract infection (UTI). UTI is found to lead to Kidney problems in the future.


42) Provide high level protection against sexually transmitted diseases

Start getting protection from Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD)'s from day one. You can now use Male Circumcision or Female Circumcision as a shield against STD or be less worried about acquiring a STD. While circumcision provides the highest level of security against STD, you should also confirm that your partner is also circumcised to reap the maximum benefits.


43) Offers protection from penile and clitoral problems

Male Circumcision or Female Circumcision reaches out to those who have tight foreskin of the penis or hood of the clitoris. They have proven that it is difficult or impossible to retract - a condition called phimosis, inflammation of the foreskin or head of the penis in male and inflammation of the hood or the clitoris in female could be a result of this condition, and they will be likely to have a quick turnaround to normalcy by getting circumcised. 


44) Any chances of Penile or clitoral cancer would be wiped away.

Penile or clitoral cancer can be cause from many reasons, including continuous irritation on the delicate and underdeveloped glans and underdeveloped clitoris by the microbes due to their breeding habits or due to the confrontation of the microbes against the immune cells of the body. Male Circumcision or Female Circumcision provides protection by developing a layer of skin over the glans or developing a layer of skin over the clitoris preventing the entry of the into the body. At the same time the removal of the foreskin and hood respectively in male and female ensures that the of the microorganisms don't get accumulated in that area which help prevent cancer, plus it keeps the area free from the excreta of the microorganisms too, which may be considered another irritant that can cause cancer. 


45) Added advantage of preventing the skin of the glans and clitoris from being kept delicate and moist.

The presence of the foreskin in male and the hood in female providing cover to the glans and clitoris keeps them underdeveloped and unprotected - making it receptive or prone to injuries and the moistness promotes growth of microbes and helps entry of virions of viruses like HIV. On a factual basis, Male Circumcision or Female Circumcision not only removes the foreskin and the hood but helps the completion of the development of the glans and the clitoris respective by allowing the body to cover the entire muscular tissue with a skin, like all other parts of the body and this also keeps the area dry.

46) Prevents the transmission of microorganisms through the underdeveloped glans and underdeveloped clitoris in to the body

The underdeveloped glans and underdeveloped clitoris, allows the transmission of microorganisms into the person's blood stream beyond his / her control. In fact, one could only hope that these wounds get healed before any major infection becomes a possibility. After Male Circumcision or Female Circumcision the development of the glans of the penis and the clitoris is completed and they are covered with normal skin, like other parts of the body, preventing the transmission of microorganisms through it. 


47) Gathering and breeding of microbes

The space between the foreskin and the unprotected, underdeveloped glans in males and the space between the hood and the unprotected, underdeveloped clitoris in females, could become an effective source of infection, especially if they lead to the gathering and breeding of microbes in some way. Remember it is microbes, and virions of viruses like HIV, that cause diseases and alter body composition. Consider that Male Circumcision or Female Circumcision leads to the removal of foreskin and completions of development of the glans in males and removal of the hood and completion of the development of clitoris which leadds to the destruction of that breeding ground and keeps the persons safe from regular attacks of the microbes.

48) Prevents the storage of infectious fluid

The space between the underdeveloped glans and the foreskin in men and the hood and the underdeveloped clitoris in female become ideal place for  the infectious fluid containing microbes and virions of virus like HIV to accumulate during and after intimacy or other transmission process. Those who are loyal to the natural process of intimacy would really be concerned about giving more time to the microbes in the infectious fluid to attack the cells of the body, while Male Circumcision or Female Circumcision does well to destroy this storage space. 

49) Submit the weakest point in the body for elimination

Not a single part of the body is as underdeveloped as the glans in the male and the underdeveloped clitoris in female; through which the microbes can invade the body or attack the cells of the person's body. There is no skin on this area so there is no protection here for the cells of the body and it becomes a gateway for the microbes and virions of viruses like HIV, so undergo circumcision and allow the completion of development of the underdeveloped as the glans in the male and the underdeveloped clitoris in female.


50) Male Circumcision or Female Circumcision becomes an area fortifier.

The presence of the microbes increases the concentration of immune cells of the body on the underdeveloped glans and the underdeveloped clitoris. Without the protection of the skin  the immune cells become easy prey to microbes and virions of viruses like the HIV and allow them easy invasion into these cells. There is always complete details of the body. Trying to invade the human body these microbes get stonewalled by Male Circumcision or Female Circumcision that fortifies this area by allowing the completion of the development of the underdeveloped glans and the underdeveloped clitoris such that both these areas grow a skin over the bare muscle structure.


Male Circumcision or Female Circumcision's Health promotions

51) Economical protection from microbial attacks.

52) Promote a natural process of protection.

53) Simple process with no complex procedure .

54) Protection from multiple diseases without medications.

55) Creates mental freedom with regard to protection against diseases

56) Easy process that can be used worldwide

57) A ideal vaccine against many diseases including HIV.



Get more information regarding Male Circumcision and Female Circumcision

58) The researchers have not found a better vaccine than Circumcision.

59) The researchers research for treatment and cure while this vaccine of circumcision lie partially used.

60) The uninfected should use Circumcision to get ultimate protection.

61) People live with HIV positive will benefit from circumcision. 

62) Circumcision with other vaccines can prevent many genital diseases.

63) Circumcision allows completion of the development of glans and clitoris.

64) Circumcision does affect sexual behavior.

65) The relevant nerve endings of glans and clitoris are presevered and covered by a skin.

66) Before the end World war II Circumcision was practiced all over the world.

67) After World War II shortage of funds led to discontinuation of Circumcision.

68) On discontinuing Circumcision people began to suffer from different types of diseases 

69) People in 3000 years ago suffered from same diseases that were eradicated by Circumcision.

70) Those dormant diseases were activated by discontinuation of Circumcision.

71) Pharmaceutical companies are most benefited spread of diseases

72) Governments participate with pharmaceutical companies as they are source of finance.

73) Medical organization helpless as their boards are lobbied by pharmaceutical companies.



Male Circumcision and Female Circumcision status on Media

74) Thousands of research and case studies on Circumcision.

75) Thousands of false case studies and research against Circumcision.

76) Books branded in favor of Circumcision 

77) Authors forced to write against Circumcision

78) Forums campaigning against Circumcision.

79) Major research breakthrough in Circumcision not covered by any newspaper.

80) Protest against Circumcision covered by all newspapers.

81) The internet and all social media campaigning against Circumcision.

82) Health organisations not in favor Circumcision.

83) The legal systems making laws against Circumcision

84) Doctors are inspired to talk against Circumcision

85) Prominent personalities talk against Circumcision.

86) Female Circumcision is published Female Genital Mutilation (FGM)

87) Authors purposely using Female Circumcision with FGM



Public reaction on Male Circumcision and Female Circumcision

88) People are confused over performing Circumcision

89) Even circumcised people are confused.

90) Discussion Circumcision is considered shameful.

91) Decision makers not taking firm decision in favor of Circumcision.

92) Doctors are confused over performing circumcision.

93) Media miscoordinate the mixed news in favor and against Circumcision



Your ideas to support Male Circumcision and Female Circumcision

94) Share your thoughts in favor of Circumcision with others

95) Help somebody to go through Circumcision.

96) Spread the word about the benefits of Circumcision.

97) Create a campaign in favor of Circumcision.

98) Continue the use of Circumcision in your family

99)

100)


These two points are for you to tell us how you can increase the awareness about Male Circumcision and Female Circumcision. You can mention the same in the comments below. If we find that they are perfect we will update them in the above two blanks.

Y. Ali
PGSPL

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Sunday, May 22, 2016

How Male Circumcision and Female Circumcision has immense scientific and medical value

How Male Circumcision and Female Circumcision has immense scientific and medical value

After world war II Circumcision was dismissed as useless and having no medical value due to the cash crunch at that time. 

All the results given below stand validated for both Male circumcision and Female Circumcision because in both cases the organs and the tissue concerned are composed of the same tissue structure. Let us evaluate the scientific value or male circumcision and female circumcision using a step by step question answer process:

How Male Circumcision and Female Circumcision has immense scientific and medical value. EradicateHIV. Eradicate HIV.
How Male Circumcision and Female Circumcision has immense scientific and medical value. EradicateHIV. Eradicate HIV.

Saturday, May 21, 2016

How Male Circumcision and Female Circumcision can Eradicate HIV

How Male Circumcision and Female Circumcision can Eradicate HIV

Stop! Don't leave. If you are FGM activist, we too are against FGM. But Female Circumcision is not FGM. Read on to clarify your doubt. 

The Male Circumcision and the Female Circumcision are two simple procedures that are performed on the foreskin of the head of the penis in Male and the hood of the clitoris in Female respectively. They are performed for the same reasons of protecting the male or female from a number of diseases infecting the genital area including the HIV. 
Prevalence of Circumcision all over the world. EradicateHIV. Eradicate HIV.
Prevalence of Circumcision all over the world. EradicateHIV. Eradicate HIV.

Male Circumcision and Female Circumcision

The male circumcision entails the removal of the foreskin of the head of the while in female circumcision the hood of the clitoris is removed. The foreskin and the hood cover the glans or head of the penis and the clitoris respectively.


Difference between Male circumcision and female circumcision

There is no difference in the two procedures other than that it is carried out on male and female. The two procedures can be compared on medical grounds, as they both offer the same medical benefits for the male and the female respectively and collectively. This is one of those medical treatments that treats male and female equally. 


Organs are different in male and female but composition is the same

The genital organs of the Male and the Female develop in the womb of the mother during the first three months of the pregnancy. During this time the genital part of the male will grow into the shape of a penis while a section of the female genital part will grow into a small extension just like the penis called clitoris. Both these organs will be covered by a tissue of the skin called prepuce. The prepuce acts as foreskin in of the head of the penis in Male and hood of the clitoris in female. The head of the penis and clitoris develop only to the level of muscular tissue, then stops developing. There is no skin on the head of the penis and on the clitoris. Both these parts are kept underdeveloped to bare muscle by the presence of the foreskin in male and the hood in female. Even the foreskin of the male and hood of the female are made up of the same skin structure that is composed from muccocutaneous tissue .


The prepuce removed in Male Circumcision and Female Circumcision

The prepuce in both male and female cover the glans of the penis and clitoris respectively. The prepuce keeps the head of the penis and the clitoris underdeveloped. The prepuce also help to lodge and even breed microorganism in the space between the prepuce and the head of the penis in male and the prepuce and clitoris in female. The prepuce has no role to play in sexual satisfaction or orgasm, all it has to do during sexual activity is to slide to the back of the penis but most cases it doesn't even do that. In most cases the foreskin of the penis is too tight to slide back and it causes severe pain during sexual activity. In some cases it is too loose and sags on the staff of the penis, interfering with the pleasure of sexual activity. It is in very few cases that the prepuce functions perfectly. Likewise in female too it does not slide of easily during sexual activity making sexual activity very painful for female. 

It is the head of the penis in male and the clitoris in female that has the most important role to play during sexual activity.  It is the head of the penis in male and the clitoris that brings in orgasm and even climax during sexual activity. But the presence of the prepuce keeps the head of the penis underdeveloped in male and the clitoris underdeveloped in female ie. the head of the penis and the clitoris are developed to the stage of muscle structure only. The presence of the prepuce does not allow the skin to grow over the head of the penis in male and the clitoris in female. 

If you are uncircumcisied you can see that the head of the penis is just a muscle and does not have a skin on it if you are male and if your are female and uncircumcised you will notice that your clitoris is just a muscle without a skin. If you touch that muscle allong with sensation you will also feel pain because there is no skin to stop the pain. This is the perpetual pain that is felt by uncircumcised people but they don't know it because the body gets used to that pain. This pain is equivalent to the pain one suffers from touching the bare muscle in a injury on any part of the body.

So when a uncircumcised person involves himself or herself in sexual activity the main part that creates orgasm or climax remains underdeveloped so instead of pleasure the person will feel pain and also climax faster as the muscle without the skin is oversensitive and is sensing pain along with sensations.

After circumcision the development of the head of the penis in male and the development of the clitoris in female is completed the perptual pain comes to an end. A skin develops over the muscle structure and now there is no pain and only sensation. Thus circumcision normalises your sexual activity and brings the pleasure you derive from sexual activity to normal levels from negative levels of pain and dissatisfaction.

Nerve endings in the inner side of the prepuce in Male and Female

It is observed that there are almost no nerve endings on the inner side of the prepuce it was filled with openings of glands secreting liquid to keep off the friction between the prepuce and the underdeveloped head of the penis of male or the underdeveloped clitoris in female. All the nerve endings that are used for sexual satisfaction, orgasm and climax are present on the underdeveloped head of the penis in male and the underdeveloped clitoris in female. As they are kept underdeveloped by the prepuce sexual activity is very painful instead of being a pleasure in both male and female. It is only after circumcison that the development of the head of the penis and the clitoris is completed and a proper skin is grown on both these muscle structure. Now when the person involves in sexual activities he / she will feel all the sensations but without the pain. 

Tissue removed in Male Circumcision and Female Circumcision

Male circumcision and Female circumcision are similar on the grounds that in both cases the whole prepuce is removed. The foreskin in case of male and the hood in case of female. The size of the tissue removed in both cases varies with the age at which circumcision is done. It is always found that if age remains fixed the more tissue is removed in male circumcision than in female circumcision. 


History of Circumcision.

Circumcisions have been carried out for many centuries wherein the above mentioned procedure has been followed in all the cases, in all countries around the world, for thousands of years. Performing the circumcision offered protection from many genital diseases and got rid of many types of sexual dysfunction. It also improved the relationship between couples and helped protect their children from various diseases. 

Even 3000 years ago ancient times before circumcision came into practice people suffered and died from many diseases that tend to develop from the genital area. But after the practice of Circumcision was started all these diseases were eradicated in human beings but may have continued in those who refused to follow circumcision. 

Circumcision was a mandatory procedure all over the world till the end of the World War II. After World War II many medical practices and vaccinations were discontinued due to cash crunch. On of the practices that were discontinued was Circumcision.

From that time all those diseases seems to have come back as Circumcision is now being  dismissed on one ground or the other by governments of different countries and decision making organisation. This is making mankind suffer from all those same diseases that Circumcision had successfully eradicated from human beings before the practice of Circumcision started. 

The reason behind this hatred is because of the projection of Circumcision as a religious ritual of a particular religion. This has reduced the medical value of Circumcision due to the religious sentiments in human beings. 

But the truth is that because of its medical benefits almost all the religions of the world had accepted Circumcision and had included it to be a part of their religion and not vice versa. 


No difference in the methods of Circumcision in Male Circumcision and Female Circumcision

There are no difference in the methods of circumcision. There is only one method where in the entire prepuce is removed in both male and female. If anything more or anything less is removed than it would not amount circumcision. 

If something less is removed it would be just some other cosmetic surgery. If more is removed then it would be Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) in females and in males to there would not be any medical benefits. At any place, in any period or who ever does it; if the person is performing circumcision then he or she will only remove the prepuce in both male and female. 

All the stories and reports of different types of circumcision and association of circumcision with torture are all misconceptions caused due to the authors and writers confusing Female Circumcision with FMG.

Thus in male or female circumcision the qualifier or the evidence of circumcision would be absence of the prepuce only. This fact can make an effective benchmark for the law making agencies of the world, by which those who misuse process of circumcision can be punished. And those that are misinformed or misguided against this process can be educated on the use and importance of this process for themselves and their future generations. 


Does Male Circumcision and Female Circumcision affect sexual behaviour

The removal of the prepuce does not affect the sexuality of either man or woman for themselves nor their partners. It is found that there are almost no nerve endings on the prepuce but it is filled with outlets for glands that produces a liquid like substance to prevent friction between the prepuce and the underdeveloped head of the penis in male and the underdeveloped clitoris in female. It is also further clarified that all the nerve ending for sexual satisfaction including orgasm and climax are present on the head of the penis in male and the clitoris in female. But due to the presence of the prepuce the head of the penis and the clitoris is kept underdeveloped ie. it is developed to the level of muscular structure. There is no development of skin on the head of the penis and the clitoris. This causes perpetual pain as the direct exposture to the muscle causes excruciating pain which is ignored by the body due to its perpetual nature. So in uncircumcised people the sexual pleasure is converted in to painful pleasure which not only lead to sexual dissatisfaction but also to sexual dysfunction. 

After circumcision due to the development of the skin the perpetual pain is completely eliminated and only the sensations remain. So people who undergo circumcision experience normal sexual pleasure without pain and have normal orgams and climax. 

Further more the prepuce is also known to lodge and breed microorganisms and let them enter the human body. With the prepuce gone the circumcised person is protected from the invasion of microorganisms into the body. Such that circumcised people can involve themselves in sexual activity without the fear of geting infected from some or the other diseases.

Age for circumcision

The circumcision of the male child is usually done within a week from his birth. While the circumcision of female is done at the age of 7 to 8 years so that the procedure can be performed easily. But after the above mentioned minimum ages circumcision can be carried out at any age and its benefits remain unchanged with age.


Healing from Male Circumcision and Female Circumcision

In the male it takes the infant few days to a week to completely heal. While in grown ups males it take a few days more but they are able to walk out of immeditely after the operation. But in case of females it is almost a painless surgery and then can walk right after circumcision. There is hardly any bleeding. Medically there is no need to apply any bandage. Only cream like vaseline is applied. They can take a bath the same day and in two to three days are completely healed. 


Side Effects of Male Circumcision and Female Circumcision

In both Male circumcision and Female Circumcision there are no side effects. No complications have ever been reported due circumcision. The urinary tract in both male and female remain untouched during the whole procedure of circumcision so there can never be a urinary tract infection because of circumcision.


Protection from diseases after Male Circumcision and Female Circumcision

Both male and female are get protected from many diseases due to circumcision. After circumcision the head of the penis in male and the clitoris in female becomes completely developed ie. a proper skin covers the bare muscle of the head of the penis in male and the clitoris is female. This prevents the entry of the virions of HIV into the body and also stops the entry of many microorganisms. Further the prepuce that is known to lodge and breed microorganisms before pushing them into the human body also stands removed thus eliminating the presence of anaerobic microorganisms. Especially in case of entry of virions of viruses like HIV, circumcision makes the virions of HIV to fall outside the human body. Circumcision stops the virions of HIV virus from making the first contact with CD4 cells of the body. With this contact eliminated the virions of HIV just falls outside the human body without infecting it. The protection of circumcision is extended to the foetal health when having children in the future. It protects the foetal from microbial attacks like bacterial and fungal attacks. 


Place where Male Circumcision and Female Circumcision is performed

Male circumcision is carried out in normal hospitals and special centers  for circumcision. For female circumcision too there are specialized clinics all over the world where the process is called Clitoral unhooding or Clitoral dehooding. It is a part of Hoodectomy and Labiaplasty. It comes under Female Genital Cosmetic Surgery (FGCS).  It can also be done at the home of the person who is circumcised depending on his or her paying capacity as there is no need to get hospitalized or admitted after the procedure. 


Procedure of Male Circumcision and Female Circumcision

Circumcision is done using specialized equipment like the phimosis clamp making it almost painless in women. There are other devices that are used to reduce pain and injury to the surrounding tissues and minimize the healing time of procedure. Usually local anesthesia is used in the case of females and grown up men. While in female circumcision only a cream like Vaseline is applied but in male circumcision a small bandage is applied over the circumcised area.


Side effects or after effects of Male Circumcision and Female Circumcision

Circumcision has no side effects or after effects. After healing there is no pain ever in the circumcised part. There has been no reports of medical problems due to circumcision. It is a very simple procedure and there is no trauma or stress created during or after this process. 


Legality of Male Circumcision and Female Circumcision

Both Male and Female circumcision are legal procedures. Male Circumcision is allowed to be performed all over the world. And Female circumcision is also allowed to be performed all over the world under the name of Clitoral Unhooding or Clitoral dehooding.

There is misconception currently on in many countries regarding Female Circumcision. This is because of the wrong association Female Circumcision to Female Genital Mutilation (FGM). FGM is rightfully banned all over the world but Female Circumcision is not FGM. 

The definition of FGM according to World Health Organisation FGM states, 'Clitoridectomy: partial or total removal of clitoris and / or the prepuce.' This definition of FGM clarifies the fact that removal of the prepuce combined with partial or total removal of clitoris would constitute FGM. 

This clearly means that only removal of the prepuce or the hood of the clitoris as is done in Female Circumcision, Clitoral Unhooding does not come under the definition of FGM. Thus Female circumcision is not FGM.

There attempts for dismissing the health benefits of Circumcision after world war II when cash crunch and inconclusive and biased scientific studies declared that circumcision has no benefits. This reduced the incidence of procedure of circumcision from being performed.

The result was that from that period onward diseases like HIV have started infecting mankind. Although baffled at that time as to what could have caused HIV. Today studies are showing clear indication that HIV is caused because uncircumcised men and uncircumcised women. Because it is only in the prepuce of men and women that the a inactive and immobile virions of HIV are able to invade a CD4 cell and grow into a HIV.


Conclusion

Despite wrong medical claims and protests esteemed organisations like World Health Organisation (WHO) had to implement male circumcision in South Africa as it was the only method of stopping the HIV from spreading. If the same is implemented all over the world combined with female circumcision, HIV can be eradicated.

Female Circumcision should be separated from FMG. Because the two processes are completely different. There is no connection between either of them. The researchers and writers should also take care not to combine Female Circumcision with FGM and write research papers and articles respectively, as if both are the same process.

The authors who use Female Circumcision and FGM as the same process should also be informed of the difference. Circumcision gets its origin from Latin circumcis - to cut around, from the verb circumcidere, from circum 'around, about' + caedere 'to cut'. 

How can any literary person treat Circumcision and Mutilation to mean the same? The authors who might have done this mistake or just followed the herd should realize the misconception they have created for Female Circumcision in the minds of the people. 

Especially those authors who have shown this confusion on the titles of their respective books. For that matter even some researchers are mixing up both these terms in research papers. If possible all these people should make the necessary corrections so that they mean what they want to write. Or the future generations would look down upon them for their literary ignorance. 

The common people are aware of the benefits of circumcision and they will choose the benefits of the circumcision over suffering caused by the infection of diseases like HIV. 

Even after hiding research papers, undermining the truth, presenting wrong views about the procedure, starting protests and forums, writing books against circumcisions, the common people continue to perform circumcision, which would mean that benefits of circumcision far outweigh its disadvantages that are falsely reported. Because when infected by diseases like HIV it is the common people who have to suffer the pain and even early death. 

The common man is aware that all these people who are decision makers have come together and have used all possible means, invested billions of dollars, have done extensive research for more than 35 years but are not able to produce a vaccine against HIV as effective as Circumcision.

In the near future the truth about circumcision will be known to all and those who are against it today would be witness to it, if they don't infect themselves with some disease like HIV. The people who are suffering from various diseases like HIV will then blame their parents for not circumcising them. And those who are circumcised will thank their parents for giving them the freedom to live freely in a world infested with viruses like HIV.

Y. Ali
PGSPL